Thursday, July 6, 2017
Dear friends in Christ,
Each year the Oxford Dictionary chooses a “Word of the Year.” Last year the Word of the Year was “Post-truth.” Ever hear of that word? I hadn’t. Yet, it was the Word of the Year. According to the folks at the Oxford Dictionary, its use increased by 2000% over the previous year.
Here is the Oxford Dictionary’s definition of Post-truth: “Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief.”
I may not have heard of the word, “post-truth” before, but I have certainly experienced people who wittingly or unwittingly have embraced it in both the realms of politics and religion. Objective facts seem to mean less and less to more and more people, even professed Christians, and decisions are becoming more often made on the basis “appeals to emotion and personal belief” than on “objective facts.”
Let’s look at the realm of religion for a moment. I am often in discussions with conservative and traditional-minded Roman Catholics. Sadly, they are in a constant state of agitation, anger and sorrow over the state of the Roman Catholic Church, and I have great sympathy for them.
They believe that Christ himself built the “One, Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church” (Nicene Creed), gave it a deposit of Faith that they are to contend for (Jude 3) and guard (I Tim. 6:20), and that the gates of hell will never prevail against Christ’s One, True Church (Matt. 16:18), so they cannot understand why their Church has been in a constant state of crisis, turmoil and decay for so long.
THE CRISIS IN THE CHURCH
The Church of Saint-Nicolas du Chardonnet is one of the most illustrious Roman Catholic churches in formerly Roman Catholic, but now utterly secular Paris, France. It has a long and venerable history. Father Denis Puga (FSSPX) is the new parish priest at the Church of Saint-Nicolas du Chardonnet. In the June 2017 issue of his parish newsletter he wrote:
Shortly before undergoing His terrible Passion, Our Lord solemnly warned His disciples: “Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat’”(Luke, 22, 31). This warning is also for us today, as the Church, following Her Master, is undergoing a terrible crucifixion. Our Church has been abandoned and betrayed. Our Church has been taken over.
The prudence of a combatant requires that he must never underestimate his adversary. St. Paul tells us that our battle is not against flesh and blood, but against the princes of darkness. Our adversary? The Demon himself, the Prince of this world, as Jesus was to point out often with great precision.
We cannot sanctify ourselves outside the present concrete situation of the Holy Catholic Church, the Ark of Salvation which, alone, can lead us safe and sound onto the shores of eternal life.
Now, this Church – we have to acknowledge – is in a catastrophic state, like “a boat leaking water in every side” according to a recent Pope despite the fact that he himself, in his lifetime, contributed in causing many of the leaks.
Our Church, for some years now, is as if possessed by an alien spirit, not the Spirit of God: this spirit of the Council which has taken possession of everything, which has insinuated its way everywhere. All of it truly resembles diabolical possession.
The website of the National Catholic Register, “A Service of EWTN”, had an article on the crisis in the Roman Catholic Church dated June 21, 2017, titled, Monsignor Bux: We Are in a Full Crisis of Faith. The article reports:
Theologian and former consulter to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith calls on the Pope to make a declaration of faith, warning that unless the Pope safeguards doctrine, he cannot impose discipline.
To resolve the current crisis in the Church over papal teaching and authority, the Pope must make a declaration of faith, affirming what is Catholic and correcting his own “ambiguous and erroneous” words and actions that have been interpreted in a non-Catholic manner.
This is according to Monsignor Nicola Bux, a respected theologian and former consulter to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith during Benedict XVI’s pontificate.
In the following interview with the Register, Msgr. Bux explains that the Church is in a “full crisis of faith” and that the storms of division the Church is currently experiencing are due to apostasy — the “abandonment of Catholic thought.”
Father Denis Puga (FSSPX), the new pastor at the Church of Saint-Nicolas du Chardonnet in Paris says that “Our Church has been abandoned and betrayed. Our Church has been taken over” and that the Roman Catholic Church today “truly resembles diabolical possession.”
The National Catholic Register, owned by Mother Angelica’s EWTN says. “Msgr. Bux explains that the Church is in a ‘full crisis of faith’ and that the storms of division the Church is currently experiencing are due to apostasy — the ‘abandonment of Catholic thought.’” According to the article in the National Catholic Register, “the Pope must make a declaration of faith, affirming what is Catholic and correcting his own ‘ambiguous and erroneous’ words and actions...”
In the interview Msgr. Bux is asked, “Monsignor Bux, what are the implications of the ‘doctrinal anarchy’ that people see happening for the Church, the souls of the faithful and priests?”
Msgr. Bux answers, “The first implication of doctrinal anarchy for the Church is division, caused by apostasy, which is the abandonment of Catholic thought, as defined by St. Vincent of Lerins: quod semper, quod ubique, quod ab omnibus creditur (what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all).”
Msgr. Bux is completely correct! “The first implication of doctrinal anarchy for the Church is division, caused by apostasy, which is the abandonment of Catholic thought, as defined by St. Vincent of Lerins: quod semper, quod ubique, quod ab omnibus creditur (what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all).”
Most traditional Roman Catholics point to the Second Vatican Council as the source of the the apostasy that has taken over the Roman Catholic Church, with many going so far as to describe Vatican II as “the French Revolution in the Church.” But objective students of Church history know that the seeds of catastrophe that germinated at Vatican II and produced such bitter fruit were sown much earlier.
For the first one thousand years of Christian history there was only one Church, and within this One, Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church there were five regional centres or Patriarchates: Rome (in Western Europe), Constantinople (in Eastern Europe/Asia Minor), Alexandria in Egypt, Antioch, in Syria “where the disciples were first called Christians” according to the Book of Acts, and Jerusalem (the Mother Church) in the Holy Land.
At the Councils of Nicea in AD 325 and Constantinople in 381 this undivided Catholic Church wrote the Nicene Creed which has long been recited Sunday after Sunday by Catholic Christians. With the Nicene Creed complete, the third Ecumenical Council which met in Ephesus in the year 431 forbade and anathematized any additions to the Nicene Creed. The entire Church, East and West, held the same Faith and recited the same Creed for centuries.
Then, in 1014, Rome unilaterally changed the Nicene Creed by adding the Filioque clause (“and the Son”) in violation of the third Ecumenical Council and coming under its anathema, and in contradiction of the clear teaching of the New Testament about the procession of the Holy Spirit (John 15:26). This was not a minor change. It was huge in that it affected Trinitarian theology! It was a seismic shift in the Faith, with repercussions that are still being felt today. Anyone who is not aware of the significance of this change in doctrine should carefully read:
FILIOQUISM IS ARIAN SUBORDINATIONISM APPLIED TO THE SPIRIT
The change in the Nicene Creed led to the Great Schism or division in the year 1054. As Msgr. Bux has said, “The first implication of doctrinal anarchy for the Church is division, caused by apostasy, which is the abandonment of Catholic thought, as defined by St. Vincent of Lerins: quod semper, quod ubique, quod ab omnibus creditur (what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all).”
The Patriarchate of Rome, which had changed the Nicene Creed and abandoned Catholic thought as defined by the Canon of St. Vincent of Lerins, caused a great division or schism in the Church, separating itself from the Patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem all of which were determined to preserve the Catholic Faith unchanged. Those who maintained the Nicene Creed and the Catholic Faith unchanged are known as the Orthodox, or Orthodox Catholics. The word Orthodox means both Correct Doctrine and Correct Worship.
The Roman Patriarchate, having separated from the other four Patriarchates eventually became known as the Roman Catholic Church. Search the ancient documents if you like. You will nowhere find the term “Roman Catholic” used anywhere to describe the Church before the Great Schism. The undivided Church was never called the Roman Catholic Church.
After the Great Schism, Rome tragically continued to change the Faith in violation of the Canon of St. Vincent of Lerins which describes the Catholic Faith as “quod semper, quod ubique, quod ab omnibus creditur (what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all),” ultimately leading to an explosion called the Protestant Reformation (really Revolution) in 1517, which splintered Western Christendom.
ROME - THE CENTRE OF UNITY?
Modern Roman Catholics are taught that the pope is the visible head of the Church and that the papal ministry is absolutely essential for the unity of the Church. But is this teaching objectively true, or is it post-truth? Is it based on “objective facts” or based on “appeals to emotion and personal belief”?
Shall we look at the objective facts of history? For a thousand years there was but One Church, comprised of five ancient Patriarchates, reciting the same Creed, believing in the same Deposit of Faith, and governed in a conciliar manner. Then in 1014, the Patriarchate of Rome changed the Creed of the Church by adding the Filioque clause (“and the Son”), causing the Great Schism in 1054, with Rome falling away from doctrinal unity with the other four ancient Patriarchates and coming under the anathema of the third Ecumenical Council. Rather than the centre of unity, Rome was the cause of division.
In the 14th and early 15th centuries the (now separate) Roman Catholic Church experienced what historians call the Great Western Schism, with rival popes in Rome and Avignon hurling anathemas at one another, and dividing Western Europe into countries that recognized one or the other papal claimants. At one time there were even three rival popes. No one could know for sure who the real legitimate pope was. Rather than the centre of unity, Rome was the cause of further division.
Rome continued to change the Faith and Order of the Western Church until, about a century after the healing of the Great Western Schism, an explosion called the Protestant Reformation began in 1517 over the innovation of indulgences. The Reformation was really a Revolution, as the Roman Catholic Church was splintered into an ever growing number of Protestant sects until today there are by some estimates more than 30,000 competing Protestant denominations, plus uncountable numbers of independent, nondenominational and interdenominational local churches - all claiming to descend from the Protestant Reformation. Rather than a centre of unity, Rome was the cause of division.
The Counter Reformation continued to change the Roman Church even more, with such new dogmas being declared as the Immaculate Conception in 1854 and Papal infallibility in 1870. How could new dogmas be legitimately added to the Deposit of Faith “once delivered to the saints” (Jude 3) more than 1800 years after the birth of the Church? Some claim that these dogmas were always held by the Church and were only officially “defined” in the 19th century, but they were unknown to the Eastern Christians, have never been held by the Orthodox, and had not been accepted as dogmas in the West at the time of the Reformation or they would have been hotly debated then.
What most traditional Roman Catholics do not know is that the notion of an Immaculate Conception which was only beginning to be raised in some circles in the post-Great Schism Roman Church was strongly opposed by such thinkers as Bernard of Clairvaux and Thomas Aquinas as dangerous innovations. Sadly, today there are calls being made by many traditional Roman Catholics to add two more Marian dogmas: that Our Lady is Co-Redemptrix, and Mediator of All Graces, despite the fact that the declaration of new dogmas are a violation of the Canon of St. Vincent of Lerins that the Catholic Faith is “quod semper, quod ubique, quod ab omnibus creditur (what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all).”
In 1870, Rome added yet another new dogma - Papal Infallibility. What most traditional Roman Catholics do not know about is the political maneuvering and tremendous pressure used by Pope Pius IX to get this new dogma declared. Ecumenical Councils are to meet free of outside pressure and their decisions must be unanimous or nearly so. Vatican I was anything but a free Council, and when Pius IX saw that he could not get a near unanimous vote he changed the rules and required only a majority. The night before the vote many bishops left Rome knowing that under the new rules a tragic new innovation would be pushed through. When the vote was taken many bishops were already gone, and lightening struck St. Peter’s where the bishops were meeting during the vote.
Many Roman Catholics refused to accept the new dogma of Papal Infallibility saying that a New Catholic Faith had been invented at the Vatican Council. Sound familiar? It should as many say the same thing about Vatican II. Professing the “Old Catholic” faith, many Roman Catholics separated from Rome and entered the Orthodox Church or formed Old Catholic Churches in Europe and the United States. Once again, rather than a centre of unity, Rome was a cause of division.
Less than a century after the First Vatican Council ended the Second Vatican Council met in Rome. All of the changes in doctrine and practice adopted over some nine centuries made it easy to again “change the Church” at and after the Second Vatican Council. After all, instead of guarding the Deposit of Faith, Rome had come to teach the idea of “the development of doctrine” in an effort to justify her various changes in “the faith once delivered to the saints” (Jude 3). The Second Vatican Council led to a complete break with the Tradition, and has been rightly called, “the French Revolution in the Church.” This revolution has led large numbers of traditional Roman Catholics to leave the Post-Conciliar Church or to exist in the shadows on its outer fringes. Once again, rather than a centre of unity, Rome has been the cause of division.
Today, every time a new pope is elected the world media and the Roman Catholic faithful speculate as to how the new pope will “change the Church.” But the Church is not supposed to change. Instead, Christians are commanded to “earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered to the saints” (Jude 3).
While Protestantism is divided into countless sects, Rome - as we have seen - is actually the source of division rather than the centre of unity. Even the Roman Church itself is badly divided internally today between liberal modernists, charismatics, milk-toast “moderates,” novus ordo conservatives of all shades, and traditionalists who have staked out various positions on the outer edges of the Post-Conciliar Church or, in the case of the Sedevacantists, beyond it.
What has been the fruit of 1,000 years of Roman separation from the Orthodox Church and doctrinal innovation after innovation? The Great Schism in 1054, the Protestant Revolution that shattered Western Christendom in 1517, and the French Revolution in the Roman Church at Vatican II.
WHAT IS TO BE DONE?
What is the answer for traditional Roman Catholics who love our Lord and his Blessed Mother and who are committed the ancient Deposit of Faith? The Holy Scriptures point the way:
“If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?” (Psalm 11:3).
“Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls” (Jeremiah 6:16).
The answer is not to try to turn the clock back to just before Vatican II as Roman Catholic traditionalists of all varieties often claim. As we have seen, the problems did not originate at Vatican II. They are much older than that.
The “Undivided” Church of the first millennium had five great Patriarchates or branches. When the Roman Patriarchate changed the Nicene Creed and caused the Great Schism in 1054, the Roman branch was severed from the other four. A great branch severed from a tree still looks green and alive. The larger it is the longer it takes to wither and die. Likewise, the Roman branch still looked strong and vigorous when it was first broken from the Vine, but as we have seen in our survey of Church history it was in fact slowly rotting away until the rot became fully apparent after Vatican II. All of what had long been called Christendom in Western Europe and the Americas has now become post-Christian.
What traditional Roman Catholics need to do is to ask for the old paths and go back to the eleventh century and repair the breach where it began. Everyone agrees that the Orthodox Church still holds the Faith of the “Undivided” Church. The Orthodox Church holds today what all five Patriarchates held during the first millennium of Christian history when there was essentially only One Church. This is an indisputable fact of history that no serious historian or theologian questions. The Orthodox Church has unquestionably guarded the Deposit of Faith. The Orthodox Church is the oldest Church in the world, the original Church, and remains unchanged and unchanging.
The Orthodox Church has never added to or subtracted from the “faith once delivered to the saints” (Jude 3), and has never suffered a Reformation, Counter Reformation, or a Revolution as seen at and after the Second Vatican Council. There are no problems with liberal modernism in the Orthodox Church, no waffling on moral teachings, and no movements for women priests, liturgical innovation, or the definition of new dogmas. Despite having no “earthly head” and maintaining the primitive Christian decentralized ecclesiastical structure, the Orthodox Church remains fully united and hasn’t suffered serious schism since 1054. The Orthodox Catholic Church is today what she was 1,000 years ago, 1,500 years ago, 2,000 years ago.
Historically, Rome has claimed that the Orthodox Church is in “schism.” Let’s examine that claim for a moment. The Roman Patriarchate unilaterally changed the Nicene Creed and therefore the Faith of the Church in the year 1014. The other four ancient Patriarchates held to the Creed that the Church had always professed and refused to change the Faith. Rome then found herself under the anathema of the third Ecumenical Council and separated from the other four Patriarchates. It was Rome who chose to change the faith and fell under the anathema of a great Ecumenical Council, not the Eastern Patriarchates. It was Rome who fell away into schism and heresy. The Eastern Patriarchates maintained the Orthodox Catholic Faith unchanged, and continue to do so today.
In the 20th century the Orthodox Church went through the worst persecution in Christian history. More martyrs died for Christ in 70 years under Soviet Communism in Russia and Eastern Europe than were martyred during the first three centuries of persecution under pagan Rome. Yet today, Communism has gone the way of the dinosaur and the Orthodox Church in Russia and throughout Eastern Europe is undergoing a revival and resurgence that is absolutely unprecedented in Christian history. Tragically, this too is something that most Roman Catholics know little or nothing about. They are still praying for the conversion of Russia when they should be praying for the conversion of Italy and the West. Russia has always been consecrated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and historically has been called the Garden of the Mother of God!
The current persecution of Orthodox Christians in the Middle East has not shaken their faith or weakened their resolve either, and God will undoubtedly use it for good and will bring an Orthodox Christian resurgence in the Moslem dominated Middle East as the blood of the martyrs is the Seed of the Church. The gates of hell have indeed not prevailed against the Orthodox Church just as Christ had promised.
This unprecedented Orthodox revival and resurgence has spread throughout the world. In America the Orthodox Church is one of only a handful of Christian bodies that is growing, and the growth is not through immigration. The percentage of foreign born Orthodox Christians is no larger than the percentage in the population at large. Today 23% of all Orthodox Christians in the United States - about one in four - are converts, as are 30% of the clergy and 43% of seminarians. The numbers are staggering! The Orthodox Church is experiencing a New Springtime, a New Pentecost, and is hard at work re-evangelizing the post-Christian West.
THE RESTORATION OF THE WESTERN CHURCH
An important part of this revival and resurgence is the restoration of the Western Rite in the Orthodox Church and the rebuilding of the Western Church. There are now Western Rite Orthodox congregations and monastic communities in North America, Puerto Rico, Great Britain and the British Commonwealth, and on the Continent of Europe, and their numbers are growing and their communities spreading. Western Rite Communities now exist within the Patriarchates of Moscow, Antioch, Romania and Serbia, with the Western Rite Communities of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR) being the largest and fastest growing.
For more information please visit the website of the ROCOR Western Rite Communities:
and the Facebook page of Holy Cross Parish, the Western Rite Orthodox parish in Omaha, Nebraska that I pastor:
I invite you to Like our Holy Cross Parish Facebook page and to become a Follower of it. Interesting, enlightening and inspiring information is posted regularly.
Today, traditional Roman Catholics who enter the Orthodox Church can worship essentially as they always have, only in full sacramental communion and visible unity with the 300 million member Orthodox Catholic Church. Rather than looking back to the 1950s or to the Council of Trent (which isn’t even as old as the Protestant Reformation!) they can fully embrace the Faith and Order of the “Undivided” Church, the Faith of the Church Fathers, the Seven Ecumenical Councils and the Canon of St. Vincent of Lerins.
Large numbers of Roman Catholics have already come home to the Orthodox Church and more are coming home every day, but I still find many who know they should come home, but have not yet done so. Sadly, unknowingly, many have embraced the modern notion of post-truth. Rather than dealing with the objective facts, many heed appeals to emotion and retreat, like Protestants, into the realm of personal belief.
I am a convert priest myself and my parish and I have just celebrated our fifth Easter in the Orthodox Church, and we could not be happier. Over the years I have known and worked with Roman Catholics who have become Orthodox Catholics from the Mother Angelica wing of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as from parishes of the Fraternity of St. Peter, the Society of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, the Society of St. Pius X, and the Sedevacantist CMRI.
Pope John Paul II said, “If at the beginning of the third millennium we are to overcome the divisions of the second millennium, we must return to the consensus of the first millennium.” He was right of course, and the Faith and Order of Orthodox Catholicism is the consensus of the first millennium - that of the “Undivided” Church.
For a millennium, since causing the Great Schism in 1054, Rome has been the cause of division after division in the West, leading to the splintering of Western Christendom and ultimately to the secularization of the West. But the Orthodox Church is restoring the breach, reuniting Western Christians in the consensus of the first millennium, re-evangelizing the post-Christian West and rebuilding the Western Church.
Traditional-minded Roman Catholic clergy, laity, congregations, religious and religious communities are welcomed with love and open arms. Come and join us in the Work of rebuilding the Western Church and re-evangelizing the post-Christian West. Instead of being angry and frustrated with what you see going on in the Roman Church, you will be at peace spiritually, excited about what God is doing around you, in you and through you, and filled with great hope for the future.
“Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls” (Jeremiah 6:16).
“And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in” (Isaiah 58:12).
We love being Orthodox. You will too. Everyone is welcome. Come and See!
If I can answer any questions for you or help in any way please feel free to contact me by phone at (402) 573-6558 or by email: email@example.com
May God grant you every grace and blessing,
Fr. Victor Novak
HOLY CROSS ORTHODOX CHURCH
7545 Main Street
Ralston, Nebraska 68127
Saturday, May 27, 2017
Dear friends in Christ,
The miraculous Holy Fire from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem will arrive at Holy Cross parish tomorrow, Sunday, May 28!!!
You can bring a candle or candles will be available for you to take the Holy Fire home with you if you would like. You can use it to light the lampadas or votive candles before your icons at home.
THE HOLY FIRE - Arriving at Holy Cross Parish Tomorrow!
The Holy Fire will arrive at Holy Cross parish tomorrow morning. Invite family and friends to Matins and the Liturgy of the Holy Eucharist. A festive Potluck Luncheon will follow in our parish hall. The Holy Fire can be taken home by everyone who would like to have this Holy Light burning in the lampadas or candles before their icons. Just bring a candle to church, or use a candle provided at church.
You have often heard me speak of the miracle of the Holy Fire that comes down from heaven every year at Pascha (Easter). This miracle has taken place year after year since the first century.
The Holy Fire descends from God into the Holy Sepulchre - the tomb of Christ in Jerusalem - where candles held by the Patriarch of Jerusalem spontaneously ignite. Lampadas in the church and candles held by some of the faithful often do likewise. The Patriarch leaves the tomb with the Holy Fire and passes it on to the masses of faithful gathered in and around the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Initially the Holy Fire is cool to the touch and the faithful bathe their hands and faces in the flame. Every Pascha I post photos of the faithful in jerusalem bathing their hands and faces in the miraculous flame. Later the Holy Fire becomes hot like any other flame. For the first time in history the Holy Frire has been brought to the United States from Jerusalem at the initiative of our Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, and it will arrive at our parish tomorrow. Tell you family and friends. Invite everyone!
Here are some articles on the Holy Fire:
HOLY FIRE HAS DESCENDED IN CHURCH OF HOLY SEPULCHRE IN JERUSALEM
HOW THE HOLY LIGHT DESCENDS UPON THE HOLY SEPULCHRE - From The Pilgrimage of the Russian Abbot Daniel in the Holy Land AD 1106-1107
TEMPERATURE OF HOLY FIRE AROUND 40°C IN FIRST FEW MINUTES
UPDATED: HOLY FIRE TO BE DELIVERED TO AMERICA FOR FIRST TIME
Tomorrow, Sunday May 28th, is our monthly Potluck Luncheon. Members of our Church family are asked to bring a main dish, or a side dish and desert. Visitors are our guests and do not have to bring a thing. With the Holy fire arriving at our parish tomorrow we may have more visitors so members of our church family are asked to prepare extra food. Thank you!
Sunday Matins is at 9:15 AM, followed by the Liturgy of the Holy Eucharist at 10:00 AM, with a festive Potluck Luncheon immediately after the Liturgy. The Holy Fire will be available for the faithful to take home.
Tomorrow will be a wonderful day in the life of our parish so please invite family and friends. We are a faithful, friendly and vibrant parish, and we have a place for you. Everyone is always welcome.
See you in the morning!
Fr. Victor Novak
HOLY CROSS ORTHODOX CHURCH
7545 Main Street
Ralston, Nebraska 68127
Tuesday, May 9, 2017
HOLY CROSS PARISH
Who We Are
Holy Cross Orthodox Church is a Western Rite parish of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR). As a Western Rite parish we are in full sacramental communion and visible unity with the 300 million-member Orthodox Church while preserving our Western cultural, liturgical and spiritual heritage and patrimony. Our bishop is Metropolitan Hilarion, First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia and Ruling Bishop of the Western Rite Communities.
Holy Cross is a parish in the English and Celtic tradition. We use the English Liturgy, commonly called the Liturgy of St. Tikhon in honour of the Saint who made its use possible, and often affectionately described as “our incomparable English Liturgy.”
We use Gregorian chant and sing the great hymns of the Church in our Services, and all of our music is sung a cappella (without instrumental accompaniment) as it was in the ancient Church. Our clergy wear traditional Western vestments and our priest celebrates ad orientem (facing the altar). We are fully Orthodox in Faith, and Western in culture and worship.
We celebrate the Liturgy of the Holy Eucharist, commonly called the Divine Liturgy or Holy Mass, every Sunday at 10:00 AM, with fellowship and refreshments after the Liturgy and a potluck luncheon on the last Sunday of the month. Sunday Matins (Morning Prayer) is at 9:15 AM. Holy Day and week day Services are as announced. The Sacrament of Confession is available during the Psalms and Canticles at Sunday Matins, at other times as scheduled, and by appointment.
Perhaps you are thinking to yourself, “Western Rite? Isn’t Orthodoxy Eastern? What do you mean by Western Rite?”
The Western Rite Within Orthodoxy
Throughout the first millennium of Christian history the Western rites existed within the Orthodox Church side by side with the Eastern rites. Even after the Great Schism of AD 1054, England remained Orthodox until the Norman Conquest in 1066. The Norman Invasion was seen as a crusade to restore the English Church to Rome. After conquering England, the Normans imprisoned and replaced all but one of the English bishops with Normans and forced the Church into submission to Rome.
Western Rite Christians also continued in full communion with the Orthodox Church in Constantinople and other Eastern cities until they were finally absorbed into the Eastern Rite sometime in the thirteenth century. A Benedictine monastery, Amalfion, existed on Mount Athos until 1287, surviving the Great Schism of 1054, the Roman Catholic conquest of Mount Athos in 1204, and the Roman Catholic retreat from Mount Athos in 1261. Not only was there a Western Rite monastery on the Holy Mountain, but Amalfion was one of the ruling monasteries there.
A vast number of Orthodox Saints, including many Holy Fathers of the Church, were spiritually nurtured by the Western rites. The Western Church produced such great spiritual luminaries as Saints Ambrose of Milan, Gregory of Tours, Benedict of Nursia, Leo the Great, Gregory the Great (the Dialogist), Patrick of Ireland, Bede the Venerable, Jerome, and Augustine of Hippo.
With the closing of Amalfion, the Benedictine monastery on Mount Athos in 1287 (getting vocations from the post-Schism West was very difficult), the use of the Western Rite, which had been celebrated on the Holy Mountain for more than 300 years, and in the Orthodox Church for nearly thirteen centuries, came to a temporary end, leaving the Church essentially Eastern.
The English Reformation
The English Reformation which began in 1534, was different from the Reformation on the continent of Europe. No new Church was formed. The Reformation in England was conducted by the bishops themselves with the goal of restoring the Faith and Order of the undivided Church.
The work of reform and restoration in the English Church was continued by the Caroline Divines of the 17th century, the Non-Jurors of the 18th century, the Oxford Movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and finally by the Continuing Anglican Movement in the latter part of the 20th and early 21st centuries, until many traditional Anglicans found themselves at the very door of the Church from which their forbearers in the Faith had been torn away against their will by force of arms in 1066.
Greek Orthodox Metropolitan Kallistos (Ware) wrote, “This [Anglican] appeal to antiquity has led many Anglicans to look with sympathy and interest at the Orthodox Church, and equally it has led many Orthodox to look with interest and sympathy to Anglicanism... firm bonds of Anglo-Orthodox solidarity were established by the end of the nineteenth century” (The Orthodox Church, by Kallistos (Timothy) Ware, Penguin, c. 1993, p. 318).
Western Orthodox Rebirth
With the declaration of Papal Infallibility by the First Vatican Council in 1870, many concerned Roman Catholics began to rethink their Faith and to call themselves Old Catholics, rejecting what they considered to be a new Faith introduced by the Council. Some of these Old Catholics turned their eyes to the East, to the unchanging Orthodox Catholic Church.
In the wake of the First Vatican Council, the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church authorized the use of a corrected Roman Rite by Roman Catholics who were returning to the Orthodox Church. In the United States, the restoration of the Western Rite began in 1891, when Bishop Vladimir (Sokolovsky), the Russian Orthodox Bishop of Alaska, formally received a parish of Swiss Old Catholics at Dykesville, near Fon du Lac, Wisconsin. In 1898, a Western Rite Diocese of Moravia and Silesia was organized in Europe by the Russian Orthodox Church.
In 1904, Archbishop Tikhon (Belavin) and Bishop Raphael (Hawaweeny), assisted by Fr. John Kochuroff - all three of whom would later be canonized as Saints - petitioned the Holy Synod of Russia to permit the adaptation of the Services of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer for use by Orthodox Christians in the West. In 1907, a Commission appointed by the Holy Synod of Russia reported in favor of a theologically corrected adaptation of the Book of Common Prayer for use by Western converts, and set out the criteria for adaptation. The Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church adopted the report.
A good beginning was made at restoring the Western Rite, but the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the brutal persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church, along with the destruction and carnage of two World Wars, made the development of this work very difficult and it progressed very slowly. Yet, despite the difficulties, Western Rite congregations and monastic communities were established in both the Moscow Patriarchate and the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR).
In 1958, the Patriarchate of Antioch adopted the provisions of the Russian Holy Synod and authorized the restoration of the Western Rite; and in 1961, the Western Rite Vicariate was erected with Archpriest Alexander Turner as Vicar General.
Beginning in the 1970s, a growing number of Orthodox-minded Anglicans began to see that due to the doctrinal and moral changes in their Church their dream of corporate reunion between the Anglican and Orthodox Churches was becoming impossible. Many Anglicans began to enter the Orthodox Church and there are now English Use Western Rite Orthodox parishes and monastic communities in addition to those using the Roman Rite.
A New Pentecost
Today there are Western Rite congregations and monastic communities in the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR), as well as the Antiochian, Romanian and Serbian Churches, with the Western Rite of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia being the largest, most widespread and fastest growing. Anglicans now make up the largest single group of converts to the Orthodox Church, and there are hundreds of Orthodox clergy who are former Anglicans. Roman Catholics and Evangelical Protestants also make up large bodies of converts and have given the Church many clergy.
The Orthodox Church is growing so rapidly that 23% of all Orthodox Christians — roughly one in four — in the United States are converts, as are 30% of the clergy and 43% of the seminarians. Converts are pouring into both the Eastern and Western rites of the Church. In the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia alone there are three bishops who are converts: two from Anglicanism and one from Roman Catholicism.
The fall of Soviet Communism and the freeing of the Orthodox Church in Russia and throughout Eastern Europe has led to an Orthodox renaissance and resurgence that can only be described as a New Pentecost giving birth to a New Springtime for the Church. Since the fall of Soviet Communism the Russian Orthodox Church has gone from a persecuted remnant to dynamic and rapidly growing Church. The blood of the millions of Holy New Martyrs of Russia has become the seed of the Church and their intercession the catalyst for a tremendous world-wide revival.
For more than a quarter of a century now the Russian Orthodox Church has opened three brick and mortar churches a day, each and every day in the former Soviet Union, and there is no slowdown in sight. In addition, more than eight hundred monasteries have been opened, along with universities, seminaries, satellite television networks, medical ministries, homeless shelters and orphanages, along with countless parochial schools and other ministries. One hundred and forty-million of the one hundred and sixty-four million members of the Russian Orthodox Church have been baptized or received into the Church in the last thirty years. History has never witnessed a revival like we are seeing today!
In his farewell address as Archbishop of North America, St. Tikhon of Moscow (1865-1925) said, “The light of Orthodoxy is not lit for a small circle of people. No, the Orthodox Faith is Catholic; it is a commandment of its founder, ‘Go into all the world...’ (Mark 16:15). It is our obligation, therefore to share our spiritual treasurer, our truth, our light, and our joy with those who do not have these gifts...”
The Book of Acts records that a great persecution broke out in Jerusalem, scattering the disciples who then began to carry the Gospel to the world. History (His story) repeated itself with the Bolshevik persecution of the Church in Holy Russia. St. John (Maximovitch) of Shanghai and San Francisco, himself an exile, has said:
“God allowed the Russian Revolution to take place in order that the Russian Church might become purged and purified and that the Orthodox Church might be disseminated across the whole world.... The Church is one, but each nation has its own calling within that oneness.”
The Orthodox Church continues to advance the Work of the great Commission which Christ gave to his Church at his Ascension, and which received power from on High to fulfill its mission ten days later on Pentecost. St. John of San Francisco said, “The Risen Christ sent the Apostles to preach to all nations. The Church of Christ was not founded for just one people, for any particular country; all nations are called to the Faith of the True God.”
And what of the Western Rite? Again, St. John of San Francisco says, “Never, never, never let anyone tell you that, in order to be Orthodox, you must be Eastern. The West was fully Orthodox for a thousand years...”
The worldwide Orthodox renaissance, revival and resurgence that began more than a quarter of a century ago with the fall of Soviet Communism continues to grow and spread. The Western Rite has been restored to the Orthodox Catholic Church, the post-Christian West is beginning to be re-evangelized and the Western Church rebuilt. Large numbers of Western Christians are returning home to the Church of their Fathers where they are receiving a warm welcome. This is a tremendous move of the move of the Holy Spirit. At Holy Cross parish we are part of it, and you can be too.
The Orthodox Church is the same as she was in the first millennium. Christian Truth does not change, and neither does the Church Christ founded. Our Lord promised that the gates of hell would not prevail against his Church, and that he would be with her until the end of the age, at which time he would return for her and usher in the Kingdom of God in its fullness.
Jesus Christ is the Truth Revealed. Orthodox Christianity is the Truth Lived. We love being Orthodox. You will too. Come and see. Everyone is welcome. Holy Cross parish is a faithful, friendly, vibrant and growing church and we have a place for you!